Bud rot is a toxic fungal infection caused by “Botrytis Cinerea” that will grow on/in your cannabis buds. The buds will start to rot and eventually die Once the fungus is there, it’s very contagious and will spread to all of the other buds that are close to each other. Once bud rot really spreads and grows, it can ruin a perfectly crop in days. When noticed too late, it can really ruin your yield and affect other plants. The trick to deal with this type of mold is preventing it or treating it as soon as possible.
The mold needs a specific environment to stay alive after the spores have infected a plant. Even with many fungus spores reaching your plant, they won’t have a chance to grow and evolve without the right circumstances.
What circumstances are perfect for Bud Rot?
This is probably the most important cause. Bud rot loves humidity levels over 55% or rainy periods. Big leaves touching each other or shaded spots can cause wet spots on your plant, perfect for mold.
No fresh air or stream of wind.
A bad circulation of fresh air on all parts of the plant (inside, lower and higher parts) will eventually cause wet, humid spots, which attracts bud rot. Plants with lot’s of leafs could create humid “air pockets” in between them, what makes a good air circulation even more important. Defoliating the plant a little could help.
Cold temperatures (Everything under 20°C)
Cold temperatures are perfect for the Botrytis Fungus spores to germinate and grow in. However if the humidity is high enough, it’s no problem for this fungus to keep germinating at higher temperatures. Try keeping it at 75°Fand avoid temperatures below 68°F.
Big Dense nugs
Too bad the Botrytis Fungus only shows up on your buds (once your grow is almost done). That's why it’s called “bud rot”. Big fat cannabis buds are a perfect place for mold to grow. They can suck up lot’s of moist and stay wet because the inner side is not exposed to fresh air. Perfect place for mold!
Only one of these circumstances, in a longer period, will increase the chance on bud rot. However a combination of these will almost be a guarantee for the rot to spread and grow. Bud rot is very contagious and like other type of fungus, it spreads by releasing spores in the air or on your hands. In a later stage of the bud rot, you will see black spots appearing that fly away easily. These are the spores that will land on new plants to start their fungus grow. Remember to always wash your hands after touching an infected plant. Spores can stay on them and get on another plant, also make sure you won’t breath in these particles! These dust-like, fungus spores will most likely spread to your plants by: Air/Wind/Water/Rain. Fungus spores can be easily carried to your plants. A little breeze, some rain or contact with animals could be enough for fungus spores to nestle on your plant. Next to that, the spores can survive a long time and in many conditions so it could affect your plant later on (once the circumstances are good).
By inspecting your plants daily you could detect bud rot before this happens.If you are on time, the first sign of bud rot is a white fluffy fungus like material on the outside of the buds. This is the early stadium of the fungus and perfect time to act now. However finding and removing this can be tricky as the white fluff is very small and fragile. Once touched, it easily falls apart and get’s blown away. So once you detect it, take a good look inside the bud and you probably see dark/grey mushy plant material. This is bud rot! After the white fluff, these will be the next signs of your plant suffering from Bud rot. You can still treat it and safe the plant in this phase.Another first sign is the smaller leafs in between your buds turning yellow overnight. If you see that happen, immediately take action and inspect the particular bud.When you see bud-leafs turning brown and wrinkly like this, it might be a sign of bud rot. Check the inside of the bud immediately! After the first phase, you might see the calyces in the buds become a little darker/grey and the leaves between the buds becoming brown and wrinkly. You will also see the first black spots appearing on the buds, these are new fungus spores ready to spread to other plants. The bud rot is spreading and the plant is showing more clear signs its being infected.The calyx and outside of the bud starts to become mushy and shows different colors (Grey/brown/darker). The bud rot starts to spread.This is the moment the bud rot starts to break out. You will see these characteristics appearing more on different buds and plants. The inner of the most infected buds will already be rot, brown/grey and fall apart easily. Some types of bud rot appears more dark/black, other show signs of mushy grey buds. If nothing is done now it takes a matter of days the bud rot will take over complete buds leaving them brown/dark, dead and dried out. Finally, the bud rot will take over complete cola’s making them useless for consumption.
To begin with, the most important part of treating Bud Rot is by simply avoiding it. This can only be done by offering the right environment and circumstances. Once it’s too late and your plants are already suffering from Bud Rot, You can only treat them by cutting away the infected areas and creating the right environment.
5 steps to create an environment that keeps bud rot out!
Keep a very close eye on your buds. You should check them daily to spot the first signs of a Bud rot epidemic. Open the buds and look between them. Also see if you find any wet spots on your plants. Use this article to find the first signs of a Bud Rot infection.
Keep the humidity low on flowering period. Like told before, a too high humidity is the #1 cause of bud rot. Make sure your humidity is always under 50%. If that's not possible, it will become very hard to treat. When growing outdoor it might be harder to control the humidity, however you could place them on a windy spot or keep the rain out using foil.
Have good air circulation. The only way to get the humidity in and around a plant lower is by providing a nicely divided wind off fresh air. When growing indoor, make sure you have an entrance/exit fan for fresh and old air. You could also add extra fans pointing towards the plants. Growing outdoor? Place your plants in a more open, windy area and out of the shade!
Consider the defoliation of extreme bushy plants.Plants with lot’s of leafs will automatically attract wetness/ a high humidity. They will have less air circulation; lot’s of shade and leafs touching each other creating wet spots. Cutting some of the leafs off will prevent this from happening.
Avoid wetness. Next check the humidity of the air, you need to make sure your plants are not wet due rain, watering or morning dew. Cover outdoor plants and don’t let them stand in the rain. Don’t overwater your plant leaving a wet puddle in your soil. Shake the morning dew off your plants daily. This all contributes to a lower humidity.
Choose a strain that fits your climate. Not every strain is as vulnerable to bud rot as others. Depending on genetics, some strains are better to resist the growth of fungus. Try to avoid strains that are developed around the equator. There are more cold-resistant strains that flowers a bit earlier in the year, they’ll be ready before the autumn rain.
So make sure to closely check your plants every time your there. The faster you spot the signs and act, the more you safe from your yield.
Treating bud rot
If you are too late and the breakout is already a fact, there is only 1 thing to do. First adjust all climate controls in your growroom and make sure you have an environment that is not suitable for Bud Rot (described above). This will make it very hard for the mold to spread or re-grow. Then start to cut away all the infected areas and buds. Even the smallest amount of mold/spores should be removed and everything that could be affected by the Bud-rot should leave the growroom/grow area. Also cut a small amount of good bud around the affected areas to prevent the rot from coming back.
However do this very carefully!
Get some gloves, and use a fresh scissor to cut off the affected buds. Make sure the mold and affected buds nevertouches any other part of the plant! They contain spores that will be left and are able to re-grow leading to a new Bud Rot infection. This often happens because a piece of mold falls of, or you touch the plant with the same fingers that touched the mold before. This way you would be helping the Bud Rot to spread. However, without changing the climate-circumstances and creating a Mold-resistant environment, cutting away doesn’t help you anything and the Bud Rot wil come back quickly. There will always be some spores around waiting for the right moment to start a new epidemic.
When cutting away you affected areas of a plant, make sure the mold don’t touch any other part of the plant, this will help the Bud Rot to spread even more.
Cutting your loses
If you are growing outdoors or don’t have the ability to adjust your climate settings. You might need to consider to cut your loss and harvest early. As ripening your cannabis really improves the quality, it’s sometimes better to just cut them down and be happy with what you have. Bud rot will always come back without changes in humidity/temperature/fresh fresh air and could eventually ruin all of your crops. By harvesting a bit to early, your buds won’t be ripened well but hey, at least you have something!
Powder Mildew (PM)
Spotty patches on plants leaves
It appears on grow areas indoors and outdoors and is foreshadowed by small bumps on the topsides of leaves. Powdery mildew spores can be transported to your plants on the wind, throughair ventilationsystems, from pets, and any other living thing that moves (including yourself). Until the surrounding environment is ideal, the spores from mildew will stay dormant, biding their time. This is why powdery mildew can be so tricky – you never know when it is lurking and waiting for the perfect time to strike.
You will know you have powdery mildew when you notice fuzzy, flour-like circular patches on your cannabis plants’ leaves. You might see leaves that look spotted, mottled, and wilting. The powdery mildew infection will quickly spread to surrounding leaves and will “eat” everything in its path. Powdery mildew is quite recognizable, given its stark white in contrast with the green leaves, and it can be removed if you use proper treatment in a timely manner. The problem with powdery mildew is the spores – often you can’t even see them as they are spreading throughout the air, making them extremely difficult to combat.
Powdery mildew is one of those conditions that is better to prevent from the get-go. The main problem arises with powdery mildew when it is able to grow until it severely slows downphotosynthesis and, therefore, ruins your harvest. It, therefore, needs to be taken care of as soon as you are able to identify it.
When Powdery Mildew is the most likely to occur
Humidity levelsare high (above 55%), and when there is not much air ventilation happening in your grow area. It also occurs when there is overcrowding of your cannabis plants at the grow site or in the grow room. Leaves touching other leaves are more likely to spread powdery mildew to each other, making it even harder to eradicate when your setup looks like that. Powdery mildew generally goes for the youngest plants first, spreading across the entire plant and ruining the stems, buds, and leaves of your plant. You will notice a damp sort of smell coming from your buds – this is how you will know which buds have been affected by the powdery mildew. Once the fungus has invaded a bud, it cannot be taken away. If the powdery fungus continues its course of action, it will eventually make your cannabis plant turn yellow, which will become brown, and then the plant will simply die.)It is crucial that you never let your plants reach this point. Make sure you are constantly inspecting your plants and always keeping a close eye out for any unexpected changes in your plants.
Avoiding Powdery Mildew
When you initially plant or transplant your plantsinto their mature location, make sure they have plenty of extra room. If they are planted closely together, the likelihood of powdery mildew popping up is significantly higher. When you water your cannabis plants, you should make sure that you are doing it at a time of day when they will receive five hours or more of light after that. This can be artificial or natural light, depending on your growing situation. You can also try using a UVC light if you are anindoor marijuana grower,which will keep any missed powdery mildew spores from going for your valuable plants. Some growers might prune some of the fan leaves that don’t receive any direct light due to shading. This makes it so there are less ideal spots for powdery mildew to land and begin growing. It also has the added benefit of your plant conserving its energy and using it more efficiently for other leaves and growths.
In addition to increasing bud quality, drying and curing the right way prevents mold. The drying/curing process is a tricky time where it can be easy to create conditions where mold can grow overnight, so it's not a good idea to skip steps. The most important thing you can do, is to keep a clean environment and conditions, along with having clean hands/gloves on when touching the (flowers) buds, and checking on your flowers(buds) regularly so that you can react quickly if there's a problem!
After all of the hard work with harvesting and trimming, don't let your guard down during the drying and curing process. You have made it this far, you have put in this much work and time, don't give up now! How you dry and cure your flowers(buds) is a huge part of what separates good flower(bud) from the bad flower(bud), and can completely change how it looks and tastes, as well as its potency and "smoothness." Follow the correct steps for curing that we have provided for you, and we will work together with you to create an end game for your harvest so that we can avoid this problem all together.
Tobacco Mosaic Virus
It’s not known for sure whether mosaic virus has jumped from tobacco to cannabis plants, but it has been suggested that it does.
Root rot is a common problem in hydroponic systems and overwatered containers with soil. Plants with root rot wilt and leaves may become discolored. In the reservoir the roots turn brown, smelly and slimy.
Leaf Septoria / Yellow Leaf Spot
This fungus causes round yellow or brown spots, with symptoms often starting on lower parts of the plant